Finite Element Analysis and Sensitivity Analysis for the Potential Equation
Capozzi, Marco G. F.
AdvisorNewman III, James C.
CommitteeBurgreen, Greg W.
Janus, J. Mark
A finite element solver has been developed for performing analysis and sensitivity analysis with Poisson's equation. An application of Poisson's equation in fluid dynamics is that of poential flow, in which case Posson's equaiton reduces to Laplace's equation. The stiffness matrix and sensitivity of the stiffness matrix are evaluated by direct integrations, as opposed to numerical integration. This allows less computational effort and minimizes the sources of computational errors. The capability of evaluating sensitivity derivatives has been added in orde to perform design sensitivity analysis of non-lifting airfoils. The discrete-direct approach to sensitivity analysis is utilized in the current work. The potential flow equations and the sensitivity equations are computed by using a preconditionaed conjugate gradient method. This method greatly reduces the time required to perfomr analysis, and the subsequent design optimization. Airfoil shape is updated at each design iteratioan by using a Bezier-Berstein surface parameterization. The unstrucured grid is adapted considering the mesh as a system of inteconnected springs. Numerical solutions from the flow solver are compared with analytical results obtained for a Joukowsky airfoil. Sensitivity derivaatives are validated using carefully determined central finite difference values. The developed software is then used to perform inverse design of a NACA 0012 and a multi-element airfoil.