Exploiting Spatial and Spectral Information in Hyperdimensional Imagery
Lee, Matthew Allen
AdvisorBruce, Lori M.
In this dissertation, new digital image processing methods for hyperdimensional imagery are developed and experimentally tested on remotely sensed Earth observations and medical imagery. The high dimensionality of the imagery is either inherent due to the type of measurements forming the image, as with imagery obtained with hyperspectral sensors, or the result of preprocessing and feature extraction, as with synthetic aperture radar imagery and digital mammography. In the first study, two omni-directional adaptations of gray level co-occurrence matrix analysis are developed and experimentally evaluated. The adaptations are based on a previously developed rubber band straightening transform that has been used for analysis of segmented masses in digital mammograms. The new methods are beneficial because they can be applied to imagery where the region of interest is either poorly segmented or not segmented. The methods are based on the concept of extracting circular windows s around each pixel in the image which are radially resampled to derive rectangular images. The images derived from the resampling are then suitable for standard GLCM techniques. The methods were applied to both remotely sensed synthetic aperture radar imagery, for the purpose of automated detection of landslides on earthen levees, and to digital mammograms, for the purpose of automated classification of masses as either benign or malignant. Experimental results show the newly developed methods to be valuable for texture feature extraction and classification of un-segmented objects. In the second study, a new technique of using spatial information in spectral band grouping for remotely sensed hyperspectral imagery is developed and experimentally tested. The technique involves clustering the spectral bands based on similarity of spatial features extracted from each band. The newly developed technique is evaluated in automated classification systems that utilize a single classifier and systems that utilize multiple classifiers combined with decision fusion. The systems are experimentally tested on remotely sensed imagery for agricultural applications. The spatial-spectral band grouping approach is compared to uniform band windowing and spectral only band grouping. The results show that the spatial-spectral band grouping method significantly outperforms both of the comparison methods, particularly when using multiple classifiers with decision fusion.