Improving the Performance of Hyperspectral Target Detection
AdvisorDu, Qian (Jenny)
CommitteeYounan, Nicolas H.
Schneider, Judith A.
This dissertation develops new approaches for improving the performance of hyperspectral target detection. Different aspects of hyperspectral target detection are reviewed and studied to effectively distinguish target features from background interference. The contributions of this dissertation are detailed as follows. 1) Propose an adaptive background characterization method that integrates region segmentation with target detection. In the experiments, not only unstructured matched filter based detectors are considered, but also two hybrid detectors combining fully constrained least squared abundance estimation with statistic test (i.e., adaptive matched subspace detector and adaptive cosine/coherent detector) are investigated. The experimental results demonstrate that using local adaptive background characterization, background clutters can be better suppressed than the original algorithms with global characterization. 2) Propose a new approach to estimate abundance fractions based on the linear spectral mixture model for hybrid structured and unstructured detectors. The new approach utilizes the sparseness constraint to estimate abundance fractions, and achieves better performance than the popular non-negative and fully constrained methods in the situations when background endmember spectra are not accurately acquired or estimated, which is very common in practical applications. To improve the dictionary incoherence, the use of band selection is proposed to improve the sparseness constrained linear unmixing. 3) Propose random projection based dimensionality reduction and decision fusion approach for detection improvement. Such a data independent dimensionality reduction process has very low computational cost, and it is capable of preserving the original data structure. Target detection can be robustly improved by decision fusion of multiple runs of random projection. A graphics processing unit (GPU) parallel implementation scheme is developed to expedite the overall process. 4) Propose nonlinear dimensionality reduction approaches for target detection. Auto-associative neural network-based Nonlinear Principal Component Analysis (NLPCA) and Kernel Principal Component Analysis (KPCA) are applied to the original data to extract principal components as features for target detection. The results show that NLPCA and KPCA can efficiently suppress trivial spectral variations, and perform better than the traditional linear version of PCA in target detection. Their performance may be even better than the directly kernelized detectors.