Water Supply Potential of the Meridian-Upper Wilcox Aquifer Grenada, Mississippi
Dykes, Richard Scott
This study was conducted to provide Grenada, Mississippi an assessment of the current groundwater resources available for use from the Meridian-upper Wilcox Aquifer (MUWX), which is the primary source of groundwater for the city, by creating an accurate groundwater model. Public, private, industrial, and agricultural wells; springs; streams; and surface water bodies all exist within the study area. Groundwater data were collected from local, state, and federal agencies. Well locations, groundwater levels, and well pumping rates were all used in determining the aquifer's characteristics, such as, hydraulic conductivity, discharge, and recharge. Location of the recharge area in relation to a large reservoir was essential in determining the capabilities of recharge to the aquifer, which in turn allowed for a more accurate prediction of groundwater infiltration. Location of wells down-dip of the recharge area was essential in determining the discharge capabilities of the aquifer. This study proved that there is a direct relationship between the current use of the MUWX aquifer in the study area and the ability of the aquifer to recharge sufficiently in order to support its current use. In addition this study also proved that the aquifer would support a large industrial development in the study area and a substantial amount of new public development.