Comparison Of State Estimation Algorithms Considering Phasor Measurement Units And Major And Minor Data Loss
AdvisorSchulz, Noel N.
Srivastava, Anurag K.
CommitteeGinn III, Herbert L.
Various sensors distributed across different parts of the electric power grid provide measurements to the control center operator for situational awareness of the system. Voltage transformer, current transformer, relay and phasor measurement units (PMU) are types of sensors for power system monitoring. The utilities monitor the operating condition of their system by processing the measurements received from these various sensors using a state estimator. A state estimator refines these measurements, compensates for any lost data and provides a snapshot of the power system. The operator at the control center does further analysis using energy management system tools based on the most recent data and required state of the system. The electric power grid is vulnerable to blackouts caused by physical disturbances, human errors and external disasters. These disturbances can also cause loss of data, sensor failure or communication link failure. This research work focuses on comparing state estimation algorithms with loss of measurement data. The measurements are assumed to be lost as clustered and scattered data sets. Weighted Least Square (WLS), Least Absolute Value (LAV) and Iteratively Reweighted Least Squares (IRLS) implementation of Weighted Least Absolute Value (WLAV) algorithms are compared for state estimation with clustered and scattered loss of data. These algorithms are tested on a six bus, IEEE 30 bus and 137 bus utility test cases. The test results indicate the best possible algorithm in several considered scenarios based on an error index. Additionally, phasor measurements data are included in two of the state estimation algorithms to study their ability to mitigate the loss of measurement data.