Proteomic Analysis Of Listeria Monocytogenes
Listeria monocytogenes is a deadly, Gram-positive foodborne pathogen that is ubiquitous in the environment. The bacterium expresses a number of virulence and stress adaptation proteins that support its pathogenic capabilities. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) was used to map L. monocytogenes surface proteins, which play a central role in virulence, and to examine protein expression by L. monocytogenes grown on ready-to-eat meat, an important source of Listeria infections. A novel method for solubilization of surface proteins from L. monocytogenes for 2-DE was developed. Additionally, the unique proteome expressed by L. monocytogenes grown on a meat matrix was uncovered. The developed solubilization method will facilitate efforts to identify and routinely compare surface proteins of Listeria by 2-DE. Furthermore, the 2-DE database of proteins expressed by L. monocytogenes grown on a meat matrix will allow further understanding of the interactions of Listeria with its food environment that influence its ability to cause disease.