Validation of the Two-Parameter-Fracture Criterion for Various Crack Configurations made of 2014-T6 (TL) Aluminum Alloy using Finite Element Fracture Simulations
AdvisorNewman, James C., Jr.
CommitteeSullivan, Rani Warsi
Lacy, Thomas E.
The Two-Parameter-Fracture-Criterion (TPFC) was validated using an elastic-plastic two-dimensional (2D) finite-element code, ZIP2D, with the plane-strain-core concept. Fracture simulations were performed on three crack configurations: (1) middle-crack-tension, M(T), (2) single-edge-crack-tension, SE(T), and (3) single-edge crack-bend, SE(B), specimens. They were made of 2014-T6 (TL) aluminum alloy. Fracture test data from Thomas Orange work (NASA) were only available on M(T) specimens (one-half width, w = 1.5 to 6 in.) and they were all tested at cryogenic (-320oF) temperature. All crack configurations were analysed over a very wide range of widths (w = 0.75 to 24 in.) and crack-length-to-width ratios ranged from 0.2 to 0.8. The TPFC was shown to fit the simulated fracture data fairly well (within 6.5%) for all crack configurations for net-section stresses less than the material proportional limit. For M(T) specimens, a simple approximation was shown to work well for net-section stresses greater than the proportional limit. Further study is needed for net-section stresses greater than the proportional limit for the SE(T) and SE(B) specimens.