Total nutrient uptake and partitioning in midsouthern U.S. irrigated soybean
Pieralisi, Brian Kimbrell
AdvisorGolden, Bobby R.
CommitteeBond, Jason A.
Irby, Jon Trenton
Cook, Donald R.
Embargo TypeVisible to MSU only for 1 year
Embargo Lift Date2021-05-17
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] biomass and yield has increased over the past several decades in the midsouthern United States; therefore, a better understanding of the nutrient requirements of the crop is needed. Nutrient uptake and partitioning in soybean is fundamental to understanding the physiology of nutrient accumulation relative to crop yield. Technological advances and improved management strategies in soybean production have contributed to significant yield increases. Research was established in 2017 and 2018 in Stoneville, MS, to evaluate soybean nutrient uptake and partitioning across multiple soybean cultivars and two planting dates. Coarse- and fine-textured soils commonly cropped in Mississippi under furrow irrigation were utilized. Soybean total aboveground biomass was collected at multiple growth stages, including V4, R2, R5.5, R6.5, and R8. At reproductive stages R5.5 to R8, soybean aboveground biomass was partitioned into senesced leaves, pods, and seeds. All biomass components were analyzed for content of primary macronutrients. Two soybean cultivars for each of four herbicide-resistant technologies were selected to represent subplot treatments. The greatest yield was produced by dicamba- and glyphosate-tolerant HT, followed by glufosinate tolerant, followed by conventional HT. Soybean planted in April produced grain yield greater than May planted soybean. Averaged across four site years, field removal of total N, P2O5, and K2O partitioned into the seed at physiological maturity was approximately 175 kg N ha-1, 33 kg P2O5 ha-1, and 120 kg K2O ha-1.