High resolution β-decay study of neutron-rich (74-77)Zn into (74-77)Ga
Siwakoti, Durga P.
AdvisorWinger, Jeffry A.
Patil, Prakash N.
Crider, Benjamin P.
Embargo TypeVisible MSU Only 1 Year
Embargo Lift Date08/15/2020
Previously developed Zn decay schemes were limited by a number of factors including low production rates and detector efficiencies making it impossible to place weak transitions. Furthermore, most of the published results are from initial exploratory measurements while subsequent studies in this region either ignored the data obtained from the Zn decays or was not analyzed due to the focus on more exotic nuclei. In the current experiments, a nearly pure beam of the Cu isotope was provided by the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) for the study of the Cu -> Zn -> Ga -> Ge β-decay chain using the Low-energy Radioactive Ion Beam Spectroscopy Station (LeRIBSS) setup. The high efficiency of the detector system along with the nearly pure primary beam allowed a detailed study of the γ-ray emission from the decay chain without any member of the decay chain being dominant. The γγ and βγ gamma coincidence data obtained from the experiment was used to develop revised decay schemes in which statistical significance for each observed coincidence peak was determined quantitatively. Presented in this work are updated and expanded decay schemes with new energy levels along with new β-feeding intensities and logft values for the Zn -> Ga decays. In each of the Zn decays, a number of new energy levels and transitions have been proposed to the structure of respective Ga isotopes in addition to correcting discrepancies from previous works. The 74Zn β decay now has 29 new γ rays assigned to 74Ga in addition to previous 35 transitions (Winger et al., 1989} depopulating 19 energy states, including 7 new ones. The maximum level energy is increased from previous 1086- to 1555-keV. Similarly, the updated 75Zn decay scheme has its level energy increased from previous (Ekstrom et al., 1986) 3209- to 3924-keV, with addition of 37 new energy levels and 53 new γ rays. New decay scheme for 76Zn is established up to 2603 keV, similar to previous literature (Ekstrom et al.) with addition of 4 new energy levels and total of 5 new γ-ray transitions. In case of 77Zn decay, we proposed the decay scheme up to 3948 keV with addition of 8 new energy levels and 10 new γ-ray transitions.
DegreeDoctor of Philosophy
CollegeJames Worth Bagley College of Engineering
College of Arts and Sciences